Different types of metabolism
The energy required for metabolism is obtained from the carbohydrates, fats and proteins in food. Depending on the substance, there are different types of metabolism:
In carbohydrate metabolism, the carbohydrates from food are first broken down into simple sugars, i.e. glucose or fructose, during digestion in the intestine. These sugar molecules enter the cells via the blood, where the actual metabolism takes place. Here in the cells – or rather in the mitochondria – energy is obtained from the sugar molecules. If there is already enough energy available, the sugar can be stored in the liver and muscles or deposited as fat (triglycerides) in the fat depots. Amino acids are produced during the digestion of proteins. They also enter the cells via the blood, where they are needed to build hormones, enzymes and genetic material. Fats are broken down into fatty acids in the intestine. In the cells, they are used to produce energy and hormones. Excess fatty acids are stored in the fat cells.
Every person needs and consumes different amounts of energy to maintain their bodily functions. This is referred to as the basal metabolic rate. With the help of the BIA measurement (body composition measurement), muscle mass, fat mass and water content are measured in kilograms and the body’s basal metabolic rate is calculated from this. In simple terms, the level of the basal metabolic rate depends on the muscle mass.
The higher the muscle mass in the body, the higher the basal metabolic rate and the better the metabolism functions